Did you know?
The fashion industry is responsible for 20% of the world’s waste water, and 10% of carbon emissions.
Cotton makes up for 40% of the world’s clothing but is very resource-intensive with about 15,000 litres of water required to make one pair of jeans.
Leather is a by-product of the meat industry. Large amounts of water and chemicals are needed, and current alternatives, like polyurethane, are petroleum-based.
The good news is that new textiles made from bio materials are getting more and more attention from designers.
What alternatives to leather?
Piñatex is a leather-like substance made from discarded pineapple leaves, which has been used in collections by Hugo Boss and H&M.
Mycelium, the root structure of mushrooms, is being used to create food, packaging and textiles. As mushrooms don’t need much looking after, the material can be grown into a fixed shape within a few days.
What alternatives to cotton?
Tencel, also known as Lyocell is made by extracting cellulose fibre from trees and its manufacture is thought to use 95% less water than cotton processing.